Young mothers and fathers who became parents for the first time, it is not at all shameful to make small mistakes in the care of a newly born child. This does not mean that the family does not like their child or irresponsibly treat him. It’s just that in any case you need experience, caring for the newborn is no exception.
Mistake # 1. Insufficient frequent diaper change
most often affect the inguinal and intercostal folds of the child’s skin. Metabolism products, including ammonia, are quite aggressive substances that can cause diaper rash. In addition, the intestinal flora, excreted in feces, combined with heat, moisture and mechanical friction creates all the conditions for the development of pathogenic processes.
Meanwhile, diapers – this is a useful invention of modern times and, it must be admitted, it’s not so much in them, as in the untimely change of the filled children’s “accessory”.
How to avoid the appearance of diaper rash? The chair of the newborn happens quite often, so it is so important to pay special attention to regular hygiene. Fresh diaper should be on the baby every two to three hours and without fail – after each bowel movement. After changing the diaper, the baby needs to arrange air baths, which are considered a good preventive measure against diaper dermatitis and will help to harden
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Mistake # 2. Wrapping a newborn
Inexperienced and hyperopia parents often make a typical mistake – they unduly wrap up the baby. Of course, he is so tiny and so unadapted! It seems that even a slight movement of air threatens the child with hypothermia, but this is not so. Experts believe that the tradition of wrapping up warmer must be recognized as harmful and completely abandoned – the child’s body is much more difficult to cope with overheating than with a slight drop in temperature.
Sweating in the newborn occurs according to a different scheme than in adults – the infant sweats with the skin of the entire body, the release of moisture occurs abundantly and at this time drafts are especially dangerous for it. But the risk of colds
Colds in children: risk factors
– this is not all the harmful effects of systematic wrapping. In 80% of cases, overheating leads to neuroses in children at an older age. Being wrapped in a variety of clothes and blankets, the baby sweats and languishes, but can not change his condition – he is still too young to explain to his mother the reason for his discontent. So do not listen to grandmothers – their knowledge, alas, is outdated.
How to dress a newborn not to overheat and do not overcool it? The basic rule is this: the child needs to be dressed “like himself” plus one (and only one!) Additional layer. Maintain an optimal room temperature – 23 degrees while the child is awake and a couple of degrees lower during sleep. Garments of crumbs should be breathable and natural, and in summer the baby can be at home naked or in one diaper. Determine whether it is hot to the baby or cold, you can by the temperature of the limbs. If the legs, handles and nose are cold, then the crumb needs to be insulated.
Mistake # 3. Wrong bathing
How to bathe the baby properly? After the navels are healed, the baby should be bathed in plain warm water. Herbal infusions should be used only after consultation with the pediatrician, the exception is the infusion of chamomile, which does not hurt the small bather. With the means for bathing, too, do not be zealous – you can deprive the delicate skin of its natural protective qualities. Once a week, it will be enough, so do not part.
Mistake # 4. Fear of cutting nails
Puppet fingers are so small that it is really terrible to touch them with such a thing as scissors. And yet, the baby does not ask to lie down or sit still – the little hands are constantly in motion. As a result, many mothers start the baby’s manicure, his pointed nails grow and the baby can hurt himself. Quietly panicking before the procedure, many parents see an outlet in buying special scratches for the child.
How to cut nails to a newborn? Perhaps you just bought an inconvenient instrument. Children’s scissors must be thin and blunt. Some mothers, as a tool, use their own teeth and bite their nails to the child. This is quite a wise decision, because the sensitivity of the lips is very high and it is much easier to control the course of the “operation.” In addition, it can be another kind of maternal affection – the procedure can begin with light kisses of tiny fingers.
But, sooner or later, each mother should discard fears and master the procedure of trimming nails to her beloved child. Moreover, it is recommended to do this at least once a week.
Before use, the tool must be disinfected. Hold the scissors perpendicular to the finger, firmly fix the handle (but do not cause pain!), Do not cut the nail under the root and do not leave sharp corners – try to give the shape closest to the natural.
Mistake # 5. Combing out crusts
Crusts on the head in infants
Seborrheic crusts in infants: symptoms, causes of appearance, methods of treatment
– the phenomenon is not so rare. They do not in any way threaten the health of the baby and are not a pathology of development. However, they break the aesthetics of the infant appearance and cause my mother to wish to get rid of them as soon as possible, even if the woman knows that the crusts are not dangerous.
The head, covered with crusts, looks somewhat sloppy and can cause the impression of others that the baby is not well looked after. If you think so, stop it immediately!
Only those who do not know anything about infants and the aspects of adapting a newborn to new conditions of existence can accept you for careless parents. Dense growths in the field of the temples, fontanel and forehead appear as a consequence of the immaturity of the sebaceous ducts, that’s all. A real mistake in this situation may be attempts to get rid of crusts mechanically “on dry”. As a rule, by the year of life the problem goes away by itself.
How to get rid of crusts without harming the child? It is necessary to get rid of keratinized scales carefully, after preparing the skin of the baby. For a couple of hours before bathing, the child’s head is smeared with a burnt on a steam bath, with warm vegetable oil (or a child’s composition, which you trust).
During the water treatment and after washing the head with a mild shampoo for age, softened crusts are carefully combed using a child’s comb with sharp teeth. Do not try to get rid of this cosmetic defect in one session – if the first time to remove all the growths did not work, it will be from the second or third. You have nowhere to hurry.
The newborn in the house is a special member of the family, requiring increased attention and care. Newly mum and dad are often not sure about their parenting abilities, but it quickly passes. The main thing is not to get lost, to strive for knowledge and “keep your eyes open”. We wish health to your precious baby!
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