Back pain can be either short-term or long-lasting, minor or unbearable. In this material, we will only touch on how to relieve the pain in the back. An attempt to sharply move or lift something too heavy is the root cause of all problems with the back. The result is usually back pain, and it is not always easy to get rid of it.
The reasons for back pain may be a lot, for example, muscle stretching, herniated intervertebral discs, arthritis, scoliosis, osteoporosis. In most cases, you can effectively get rid of pain without surgery or medication.
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The reasons for the appearance of pain in the lower back mass. Which of the reasons concerns you – the question is strictly individual. Something that can be understood by the nature of the pain, its intensity and duration. But in fact the diagnosis should be made by a specialist, and we can only make some assumptions. For example, the cause of such a pain can be osteochondrosis in the lumbar region.
This disease develops not too fast and up to a certain point you can simply ignore it. And in one unpleasant moment formed osteophytes with unsuccessful movement squeeze the nerve roots of the spinal cord, because of which there is a sharp pain.
Another common problem is a hernia of the intervertebral disc, which also very often develops in the lumbar spine. The situation in this case is very similar – an unsuccessful movement leads to the appearance of compression of the nerve endings, which causes pain.
About the above problems can be told for a long time, because these are serious diseases that require a serious attitude to themselves. But the reason can be in the banal hypothermia or draft, or in excessive physical exertion (this problem is most typical for men). Fortunately, it is not so difficult to cope with such problems, the pain in this case itself passes in a few days with the simplest treatment.
In general, we can say that back pain is very unpleasant, it can literally immobilize a person for a fairly long time. Therefore it is useful to know how to quickly relieve pain in the lower back. True, this does not mean that you need to sigh with relief after this and cancel the visit to the doctor. As we have already said, in most cases the reasons for the appearance of such pains are serious enough, ignoring such symptoms will lead to nothing good.
Back pain is acute and chronic
Sharp pain you feel unexpectedly. This pain comes after you have done something that you did not need to do, or did something wrong. Pain can cause deformity of the joints or sprain of the back muscles. To be ill can madly within several days, but doctors speak, that it is possible to get rid of a pain if you to yourself will render first aid.
With acute pain, the first thing to do is to go to bed. Perhaps this is the only thing you can do. Any movement, even getting up and going to the bathroom, can cause pain. So, 1-2 days try to move less. After a minute or two, you need to gently turn over on your back, and lift your legs and put them on any elevation – sofa, chair, drawer, bed – it does not matter, the main thing is that the hips are at right angles to the body. It is in this position that we remain until the pain subsides
The meaning of these manipulations is quite simple – we need to maximally remove the load from the spine. This load is maximal when we stand, but contrary to popular belief, if we just lie down, stretching our legs, the muscles of the back in the loins will not relax, they will still experience a load (albeit smaller).
Next, you need to fix the lower back. In general, there are special belts for this, but usually in such situations they are not at hand. Therefore, you can use a bath towel, scarf or something similar. In this case, the belt needs to be wound up so as to capture not only the sore spot itself, but also the lower back areas.
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If you still hurt after 2 days in bed, an extra day will not hurt. However, it is better to get out of bed as soon as possible. It all depends on the pain. But if you think that it is better to lie down for a week or two, then you are mistaken. For each week spent in bed, it will take 2 weeks of rehabilitation. Those who get up from bed after 2 days after a pain attack, start working much earlier.
Attach the ice
Applying ice to the painful area within 24 hours after trauma can help reduce inflammation to a minimum and alleviate discomfort, reducing the ability of nerves to send pain signals to the brain. Place the ice cubes in a plastic bag, and then attach it to a painful place by wrapping the ice pack in a thin towel. Leave the ice pack for 20 minutes, remove it for 30 minutes, and then attach the new one for another 20 minutes.
Take a hot bath
If more than 24 hours have passed since the onset of the injury, ice will not help reduce pain or inflammation. In this case, heat can help to slightly increase the elasticity of the muscles, so try to arrive in a hot bath for 20 minutes or longer. Pregnant women, however, should not take a hot bath or sit in hot water for too long, since a rise in body temperature above 37.8 ° C for a long time can cause birth defects or miscarriage. If you are pregnant, consult a doctor for advice before attempting to warm up.
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Stretch to soften the spasms
Stretching the painful back will speed recovery. A good exercise for stretching the lower back: slowly pull your knees to your chest while lying in bed. Put a little pressure on your knees. Stretch out and relax. Repeat the exercise. Stretching will help the muscles to calm down.
Get enough sleep
When the back muscles are tense, a full rest at night is extremely important. It is best to lie on your side, with your knees bent and the pillow between them. If you lie on your back, put a pillow under your knees.
SKAT FROM THE BED
And carefully and slowly. So you reduce the pain to a minimum. Once on the edge of the bed, keep your back straight. First, pull the legs off the bed, then, moving like a spring, lift the upper part of the torso straight from the bed.
Severe back pain can occur as a result of increased muscle tone associated with emotional tension. Learn to practice relaxation techniques, such as meditation, or try breathing exercises, for example, closing your eyes, slowly and deeply breathe, counting in the opposite direction from 100 to 0.
Do not try to do the massage yourself. Self-massage will hurt rather than ease the condition. Instead, find a licensed masseur. During the massage, the professional uses a different force of pressure on the areas of muscle pain and spasm. Pressure can be carried out by fingers, hands, knuckles and elbows, which helps to relax the muscles.
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Classes of physiotherapy
In the class of exercise therapy, you will learn how to sit, stand and walk in such a way that the correct position of the spine is maintained, which reduces the burden on the back. In addition, you will learn to perform specialized exercises that strengthen the basic muscles that support the back. Studies show that when you increase your strength, flexibility and endurance, the pain in your back is reduced, but it takes time to get this positive effect.
Walking and physical exercises
Strict bed rest can increase back pain and lead to other complications. To increase the effect of physical exercises do not rest from them more than one or two days. You have to force yourself to stand up and slowly start moving again. It has been found that exercise is one of the most effective ways to quickly alleviate back pain. In addition, try to swim, walk, or practice yoga.
It may seem strange that a psychologist undertakes to save a person from back pain.
But studies have shown that when treating chronic back pain, the cognitive-behavioral therapy method used by the psychologist is very effective both in the short and long term. In particular, a psychologist can reorient a person with a back pain in relation to the value of physical activity as a remedy, help him believe that this is a way to get rid of back pain.
This change in the patient’s psychology gives, in the final analysis, a curative effect. People who participated in sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy, noted a significant reduction in pain and stiffness in the back.
Method of biological feedback
The biofeedback method uses a special device that teaches the human brain to control the body’s response to pain. You learn, normalize your breathing, heart rate, blood circulation, and muscle tension. Some studies have shown that this method is more effective in reducing back pain than using pain medication. The severity of pain is reduced by 30%. Most importantly: this method has no side effects.
In certain cases, when the back is very sore and conservative treatment of the intervertebral hernia does not help, an operation is performed to correct the spine, the essence of which is as follows. If the back pain is due to the protrusion of the intervertebral disc and the compression of the spinal nerve, the surgeon can decide to perform a discectomy – surgery to remove some of the disc material, or a decompressive laminectomy – an operation aimed at reducing pressure on the spinal nerve or the spinal cord. In addition, it is possible to conduct a spondylodease – an operation to stabilize the vertebrae.
It should be noted that all these operations are associated with certain risks and are not always successful, so the decision to take them is taken by the doctor only in the last resort, when other methods of treatment do not give a positive effect.
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