What are transgenic plants?
What distinguishes transgenic products.
Tomatoes – an external glossy impeccable appearance and an endless storage time. Bananas are medicinal properties (they produce a vaccine against poliomyelitis). Potatoes – “extraordinary” resistance to pests and increased yield. Bread with the addition of genetically modified enzymes for a long time does not become stale. Tobacco acquires resistance to pesticides.
Gene engineers around the world are currently cutting, inserting, recombining, rearranging, editing and programming genetic material. The animal genes and even human genes are inserted randomly into the chromosomes of plants, fish and animals, creating previously unimaginable transgenic life forms. For the first time in history, transnational biotech corporations have become architects and “masters” of life.Almost without regulatory restrictions, labeling requirements, or scientific protocols, bio-engineers began creating hundreds of new “Frankenfoods” (food created by humans and causing death to their creator) and crops, ignoring the person, environmental hazards and negative socio- economic consequences at the global level, which will affect several billion farmers and rural residents.
Most often, transgenic components are found in soybeans, potatoes, tomatoes and corn. Modified components are found even in infant food.
Today, 14 types of food products obtained using transgenic technologies are registered: 3 soybean lines, 6 lines of maize, 3 potatoes, 1 line of rice and another sugar beet for sugar production.
The risks associated with transgenic foods and crops are divided into three categories:
1. Danger to human health.
2. Adverse factors for the environment.
3. Social and economic risks.
What reactions of the human body causes the consumption of transgenic foods.
Allergies and decreased immunity.
It is about acquired allergic manifestations, or, about the so-called, false allergy. In this case, the allergen can enter the body in 2 ways: through food and through pollen. The greater the dose of the allergen, the higher the possibility of the reaction and the more intense the manifestation of allergic symptoms: skin rash and itching, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, tears, runny nose, dyspnea, edema.
The true allergy is manifested when there are problems with immunity. Symptomatics makes itself felt with every contact with the allergen. The true allergy affects about 2% of people, and the degree of expression does not depend on the dosage of the allergen. If this percentage is growing rapidly, you should look for an external cause. Proteins, which are formed by transgenes, are foreign to the human body. Naturally, the protective functions of the body work and on them the development of antibodies begins, forming a false food allergy, which can go into its true form. Among the physical manifestations: the appearance of eczema, acne, digestive disorders, headaches, bronchial asthma, neuralgia, weakness and chronic fatigue.
Metabolic disorders, diabetes.
Scientists are very proud of the achievements of genetic engineering in the field of medicine. A vivid example is the creation of transgenic insulin. In 2012, on the basis of studies of 84,000 subjects with type 2 diabetes by American endocrinologists K. Carrey, K Poole, M. Evans, J. Peterson and K. Morgan, it was stated that GM insulin increases the likelihood of a fatal outcome. They wrote about this in their work “Mortality and other significant outcomes associated with diabetes when using insulin in comparison with other antihyperglycemic methods of treatment for type 2 diabetes.” Also, the risk of various complications associated with oncology and diabetes is almost doubled. Insulin therapy doubles the likelihood of cardiac infarction, almost quadruples the incidence of renal complications and doubles neuropathy. Transgenic insulin is capable of causing the transformation of type 2 diabetes into type 1 diabetes, in parallel causing various autoimmune reactions.
The violation of the metabolism leading to obesity, many suffer. Especially the growth of metabolic disorders is observed after the appearance of transgenic products on the market.
Pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
A transgenic culture that exhibits resistance to harmful insects, such as corn, tobacco or some varieties of tomatoes, produces a substance that protects plants from invasion of insects and provides a sturdy stem – a protein lignin. It breaks down into toxins and mutagens: phenols and methanol.
A large accumulation of lignin in transgenic fruits is dangerous for man at least poisoning and pancreatic diseases. In transgenic products, its content is 20% higher than in “pure” plants. Also, with prolonged use of transgenic products, destruction of the gastric mucosa is observed.
Development of resistance to antibiotics.
To obtain accurate results of the process of creating transgenic products, biotechnologists often use antibiotic-resistant marker genes. Penetrating with transgenic food, these genes contribute to the growth of pathogenic bacteria that are spread throughout the body and do not respond to antibiotic treatment. That sooner or later, it will lead to the death of the sick.
Since the end of 2014, the European Union has banned the sale of transgenic organisms, in the development of which marker genes were used. But not all commercial producers are ready to give up their participation.
Accumulation of various toxins.
Transgenic plants show resilience to various pesticides, but in addition they also accumulate. For example, the active component of glyphosate, which helps to get rid of perennial weeds in the fields of transgenic cotton, as well as sugar beet. Accumulating in a transgenic culture, it increases the degree of danger, penetrating into our body and, disintegrating into various elements, carries a serious threat to health. Recent experiments with the cell tissue of the kidneys of the human embryo showed that even a minimum of its content (even less than that used in agriculture) caused the death of 50% of renal cells. Confirmed the toxicity of glyphosate and toxicologists, insisting on its harm to DNA molecules. According to the World Agency for the Study of Cancer of WHO in the spring of 2015, it was published the conclusion that the glyphosate ingredient belongs to the category of danger “2A” and can cause cancer, such as lymphoma.
Gene mutations and degradation.
DNA molecules are not fully decomposed. Individual molecules can penetrate the intestine into the blood, then into the cell and into the nucleus. From there you can integrate directly into the chromosomes. Therefore, eating each other’s living organisms can contain the phenomenon of “horizontal gene transfer” (when there is a transfer from species to species, there is a vertical transfer – inside the species, from ancestors to descendants). Studies in mammals show a greater likelihood of developing genetic abnormalities in the human embryo. “Alien” DNA is able to penetrate the mother’s blood into the nuclei of embryonic cells, causing congenital pathologies of the fetus and even its intrauterine death. Another confirmation of undisguised harm of transgenic organisms.
The emergence of new pathologies and viral diseases.
To better understand how sideways viruses are involved, we will dig a little into the process of embedding a foreign gene. This process is very time consuming and complex. Simply put, in order to create transgenic organisms, you need to get into the cell and insert into the gene apparatus. This transport function is borne by viruses, bacteriophages, plasmids and artificially constructed genetic elements. It is these transporters that are able to cause uncontrolled gene transfer, and getting into the human body – to provoke the development of that natural set of viruses that is in every organism in a “dormant” state. Such a viral “provocateur” is, for example, a very intensely used mosaic viral activator CaMV.
Another example is the new Morgellon’s or Morgellon’s disease. This is the consequence of transgenic organisms, mildly to say, deplorable.
The disease does not appear immediately and the symptoms begin with skin rashes and severe itching. Further, weakness grows, people often get tired, eyesight decreases, short-term memory disturbances are noted, poorly healing skin wounds open, from which come out fibers of incomprehensible origin. Their length is 3-4 mm, they can be white, blue or black. In consistence similar to thin plastic, or silk threads.
In the Morgellon fibers – in their composition are tumor-forming agrobacteria, or rather elements of the plasmid-transporters, which contain different transgenic organisms. Modeling the disease on animals and making sure of the similarity of clinical manifestations, there are no doubts. It is the penetration with food into human cells of the plasmids of the tumor-forming agrobacterium that caused the onset of Morgellon’s disease.
Danger to nature.
According to many scientists, in addition to safety for human health, the question of what potential threat biotechnology poses to the environment is actively discussed. While there is no absolute certainty that they do not pose any danger to other insects. The resistance to herbicides acquired by plants can also come out sideways if transgenic cultures begin to spread uncontrolled. Some of them – alfalfa, rice, sunflower – in their characteristics are very similar to weeds, and with their arbitrary growth will not be so easy to cope with. A similar problem will arise if the genes for resistance to herbicides pass from cultivated plants to related wild-growing species. The possibility of transferring genes that code for proteins that are toxic to pests is not ruled out. Weed grasses, capable of producing their own insecticides, will have a huge advantage in fighting insects, which are often the natural limit of their growth. There is a fear that all these effects in the long term may cause violation of whole food chains and, as a result, the balance within individual ecosystems.