What is food behavior?
These are the components of human behavior associated with eating, they include taste preferences, the emergence and reaction to a feeling of hunger and satiety. Most cases of obesity or malnutrition occur due to eating disorders that occur in childhood, which are extremely difficult to adjust in adults. Consider what errors parents may increase the risk of eating disorders.
The emotional component of eating behavior reflects the influence on the diet and manner of eating mood, momentary emotional changes, depressive states. What is characteristic, it is not only about negative emotions, but also positive ones. Errors and violations related to the emotional component:
“Seizing” of sadness and sorrows.
The notorious “jamming” is the most common food disorder, which is built on a simple scheme: you are ill, empty (lonely, bored, sad – necessary to emphasize) – and you, trying to comfort yourself, restore emotional balance, gorge. And, as a rule, eat all the most delicious and harmful, most often sweets.
Celebrating with food.
You happened something good, joyful (passed a diploma, defended a doctor’s, got a job, met with a friend) – and you are able to rejoice only in the company with food. Typical: celebrating Friday cake, “ritual” beer-fish after every victory of your favorite football team, etc. That is for you, any joyful event – an occasion to eat tasty and abundant food, not denying yourself anything, under the slogan: “It is necessary to celebrate!”.
Impulsive emotional overeating.
You have a sudden mood because of an unexpected event (a phone call, an unpleasant conversation, a quarrel) – and you yourself do not remember how, but instantly find yourself at the refrigerator. Many people describe this state: “I do not remember how I found myself at the open buffet. And now I’m finishing the second package of cookies. ” In this case, the bundle “emotional drop-food” is so strong that it is realized almost without any transitions.
Emotional refusal to eat.
You stop eating in case of any strong emotions, be it sadness or joy, and it can last a couple of hours and a few days (the second is much more dangerous). You simply can not eat (lump in the throat, spasm) or feel disgust for food. As a rule, after such periods, the food regime remains intermittent and irregular for some time.
Restrictive eating behavior (“fast” diets).
This kind of eating behavior is often found in people trying to constantly limit their diet, observing low-calorie (below 1200-1400 kcal per day) restrictive diets or even those who resort to starvation. As a rule, these are people with strong will; they can significantly restrict themselves for some time, can carefully monitor what, when and in what volume they eat. But then, for one reason or another, there comes a time when control is lost and there is an inevitable breakdown.
Short-term restrictive diets are the strongest stress for the body: for him it is a hard period of fasting. At the same time, blood glucose level drops sharply and endogenous (internal) energy reserves from fatty deposits begin to be actively spent. But at first the energy is obtained by the body due to loss of glycogen storage from the muscles and liver.
To avoid the impending disruption in this situation, it is necessary to maximally expand the list of products (avoiding banned with weight loss) and re-evaluate the diet: perhaps you rarely and irregularly eat, which inevitably leads to a significant increase in hunger.
It is necessary to learn to constantly adhere to the right balanced diet, and not to torment yourself with periods of severe restrictions, alternating with binge eating and an inevitable sense of guilt and weight gain.
It is necessary to work regularly on the formation of the right internal motivation for adherence to the principles of healthy nutrition throughout life, and not just during a short-term diet.
External eating behavior.
Extern – from the Latin externus – external, extraneous.
In the external type of eating behavior, a person is particularly sensitive to external stimuli associated with food. For man, as for animals, the desire for pleasure is characteristic. This is especially pronounced in people with genetic characteristics of the dopamine-serotonin system – brain hormones responsible for a sense of joy and pleasure. For people with serotonin deficiency, a subconscious desire to increase it by all means is characteristic. Unfortunately, eating is the easiest and quickest way to do this.
The violation of eating behavior according to the external type is most often characteristic of people who are curious, curious, “fond” of everything new, reacting to temptations. They actively respond to advertising of various new food products, often eat and overeat for the company, like to try new products, visit new restaurants and cafes, react strongly to the taste of food, its appetizing appearance, the smell of dishes. Usually they gladly talk about those dishes that they like. And they love a lot, they often cook and experiment in the kitchen. As a rule, they love guests, feast, treat and treat others. Often, people with eating disorders in an external type are tempted: they eat something delicious, brought by a colleague at work or a guest, even if they have just eaten and do not feel hungry.